Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Cleft up & palate
Cleft lip and cleft palate, also known as orofacial cleft, is a group of conditions that includes cleft lip (CL), cleft palate (CP), and both together (CLP). A cleft lip contains an opening in the upper lip that may extend into the nose. The opening may be on one side, both sides, or in the middle. A cleft palate is when the roof of the mouth contains an opening into the nose.
Maxillofacial injuries represent one of the most life-threatening problems in developing and developed nations representing 7.4–8.7% of the emergency medical care.[1,2] These injuries are often associated with severe morbidity due to their close, proximity to vital organs such as brain and cervical vertebrae causing loss of function and death.
burns & contractures
Burns to the hand can range from severity from mild (superficial partial thickness) to severe (deep partial thickness or full thickness). The most common cause of hand burns is contact with a flame, hot liquids or hot surfaces. Other causes include friction burns due to contact with a treadmill belt or other rapidly spinning object, chemical burns due to contact with corrosive chemicals such as acids or alkalis, and electrical burns.
There are more than 4,000 different kinds of birth defects, ranging from minor ones that need no treatment to serious ones that cause disabilities or require medical or surgical treatment. According to the March of Dimes, 1 out of every 33 babies born each year in the United States has a birth defect.
hand surgery / replantation
For the hand, reconstruction of the lost thumb or finger can be done with toe-to-hand transfers, where either the big or second toe is used to fashion a thumb or finger, using microsurgical techniques. Other techniques can also be done to improve hand function, such as lengthening the stump. Arm and finger prostheses are available for improvement of appearance and function.
reconstructive / microsurgery for trauma and cancer
This differs from cosmetic surgery done without a medical reason. Most insurance companies cover reconstructive surgery that is needed after cancer treatment. Cancer treatments sometimes damage a body part’s function or appearance. Reconstructive surgery helps to repair that damage.
Ear / nose reconstruction
The purpose of surgery to the ears, nose, throat, head, and neck is to treat an abnormality (defect or disease) in these anatomical areas. An anatomical deformity is a change that usually occurs during embryological development, leaving the affected person with the apparent defect. A disease in this area usually develops later in life, such as head and neck cancer
Diabetic foot & Chronic Wounds
Foot ulcers are a common complication of poorly controlled diabetes, forming as a result of skin tissue breaking down and exposing the layers underneath. They’re most common under your big toes and the balls of your feet, and they can affect your feet down to the bones.