Injuries to the structures in and around the face including the facial bones; abrasions and lacerations,septal and auricular haematomas and other injuries around the nose, ears and eyes. Sport accounts for up to 25% of facialinjuries. They can result from direct contact with another person, with equipment such as a squash racquet, a goalpost or theground. Common in contact sports such as rugby and boxing. The incidence can be reduced by the use of protectiveequipment, e.g. hockey goalkeeper's face protector.
The Three Types Of Facial Trauma
Facial trauma is an extremely serious injury because it may affect a number of important sensory organs and bodily processes. For example, facial trauma could affect the eyes (and ability to see), the ear (and the ability to hear), and the mouth (and the ability to speak, eat, and breathe). Getting medical assistance for facial trauma immediately can help mitigate damage and prevent or minimize the long-term effects of the injuries.
The four most common types of facial trauma include:
• Broken facial bones: Some of the most common facial bone fractures include a broken orbital bone, a broken nose, and a broken jaw. All three of these medical issues require medical attention and some could require reconstructive surgery and other procedures. If broken bones in the face do not heal correctly, they could cause long-term issues with your sight or your breathing. Broken facial bones may also change your appearance if not treated correctly.
• Dislocated jaw: A dislocated jaw takes place when one or both of the joins connecting your jaw to your skull become unhinged. This injury requires immediate treatment, especially if a patient is in pain, bleeding, or having difficulty breathing. The jaw will need to be repositioned and stabilized during the healing process or else the patient may have ongoing issues with breathing, biting, chewing, speaking and sleep apnea.
• Tooth trauma: Lower face and jaw trauma is often accompanied by broken teeth, loose teeth, or missing teeth. Tooth trauma is not only painful, it can also affect your ability to speak, eat, and smile. You should know that teeth that have been knocked out may be able to be replaced if you can recover them and quickly seek the help of a physician or dentist.
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Facial Bones Operation
Commonly injured facial bones include the nasal bone(the nose), the maxilla (the bone that forms the upper jaw), and the mandible (the lower jaw). The mandible may be fractured at its symphysis, body, angle, ramus, and condoyle. The zygoma (cheekbone) and the frontal bone (forehead) are other sites for fractures. Fractures may also occur in the bones of the palate and those that come together to form the orbit of the eye.